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Measures to Control Erosion

Feb 20

Measures to Control Erosion

Erosion Control is a technique to stop erosion. This can occur naturally (from wind or water) or it can be caused by artificial means (from humans). There are three types of erosion control measures: organic natural, organic, and inorganic.

Organic and natural erosion control measures

Natural or organic-based erosion control measures are designed to safeguard the surface of the earth by using materials directly from the earth. These could be plants or water-based, or rock-based.



  1. Plant-Based

There are a variety of methods of erosion control using plants.

 

  • Buffer Strip

Buffer strips are used similar to bioswales. Both buffer strips and bioswales control run-off water and retain sediment. Buffer strips are typically found on farmland. They are composed of permanent vegetation, which means that a farmer won't remove the plants to plant new plants. Bioswales are tucked away in the soil.

 

  • Crop Rotation

Crop rotation refers to the practice of growing an entirely different kind of crop each year to reduce soil erosion.

 

  • Mulching

Mulch refers to the process of adding either artificial or natural material to the soil. Mulching is used to trap water, eliminate weeds and protect the soil from wind erosion as well as erosion caused by water. Mulch can be made of straws, leaves, wood chips, or other organic materials. Mulch that is made of human-made materials can also contain a plastic sheet. This is known as plasticulture.

 

  • Reforestation

Reforestation is the process of planting trees in places where they have been cut down. New trees do more than aid in preventing erosion but also supply fresh air.

 

  • Seeding

There are two kinds of these: temporary and permanent, and hydroseeding. These are plants that control erosion. These two types of seeds are used to grow plants that protect the soil from erosion. Seeding can be used along with mulch.





  • Terracing

Terracing is like contour plowing (see above) because it helps prevent soil erosion through the use of numerous (soil or soil) barriers that are perpendicular to the slope. This type of construction reduces water flow and also prevents the formation of tiny streams.

  1. Water-based

Here are two methods for water-based erosion control.

 

  • Bioswale

Bioswales could also be referred to as Vegetated waterways and Grassed waterways. Bioswales resemble trenches and contain vegetation at the bottom. They are used to reduce pollution as well as guide water across the region.

 

  • Retention and Detention Pools/Basins

Although impoundments aren't able to hinder erosion, they can assist in controlling erosion. The artificial water basins are made up of soil, as well as other materials which are susceptible to water erosion.

Retention basins or ponds. They are intended to capture water run-off that has accumulated from all areas around. They also assist in preventing flooding.

Detention Basins/Ponds. These temporary basins can also be called Retarding or sediment basins. They are typically smaller and are utilized in the construction industry to control the flow of minerals and soil.

 

  1. Rock Based

Riprap. Riprap is a rock-based erosion control measure, that can also be known as shot rock or armor. Ripraps are constructed from rocks. They guard shorelines and stop erosion by water.

 

Control measures to prevent erosion that aren't organic or a natural base

Methods for protecting the earth's surface with non-natural and organic are called organic or non-organic erosion control measures. These are artificial materials.

 

  • Fiber Rolls

Fiber rolls look like Terracing. They can be employed for construction, but instead of soil barriers, they are made from coconut fiber and straw. They also serve as temporary. To manage sediment that has been displaced from a source of water the fiber rolls are utilized to place them on slopes.

 

  • Sand fence

The sand fence is also referred to by the name Sand break. It's used to prevent the sand from being carried away by the wind.

 

  • Silt Fencing

Geotextile is a fabric filter that creates silt fences. They can be utilized to hold soil in construction sites as rainwater can cause soil to flow to other sources of water like lakes and rivers.

  • Turbidity Curtains

Silt fences have geotextiles similar to Turbidity curtains. They are not able to be used in silt fences, like silt fencing. Water is used to collect sediment. These are used in construction.

For more information please visit: https://www.erosioncontrolco.net/

ECCO LLC
4746 Desperado Way, Parker, CO 80134
720-900-9810

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